Jesus Christ Archive
Jesus Christ, the pivot point of Christianity, lived around 2000 years ago. He is the most holy person and the son of god in Christianity. Every life event of him has been celebrated and the faith-full followers believe him as the god himself. We recognize Jesus Christ with his popular traits of fully grown beard, long face, long hair, white robe and gentle face. But, believe it or not, Jesus’s depiction wasn’t always like this from the beginning. Not in paintings at least. Many times, he was depicted in the forms of gods as the many artists lacked the information about Jesus’s looks. It was the gradual elevation which established Jesus Christ look what we see today.
Portrayal of Jesus before 6th Century
Before the sixth century as artists didn’t much reference for the appearance of Jesus, they, allegedly, depicted Jesus in the forms of Zeus and other respected known gods whose appearance was widely detailed in the folklore and stories.
After Jesus Christ was conceived in the mass as the god, savior or son of god, artists were trying to depict his every life event in detail and with most authenticity to reflect the feelings of his followers. As before renaissance period, every type of art was still crawling on all four, the depictions of Jesus was also very immature and unnatural. Even to the length that, before 6th century, the general traits of looks, which are associated with Jesus Christ today weren’t established. As mentioned above, Jesus was depicted in forms of other popular gods.
It was the gradual growth and wide-acceptance which made the appearance of Jesus in today’s art. We can say, it was the cumulative growth of art in every sector which also consequently matured up, Jesus’s depiction. It affected on faces, whether it came from real life, fables, mythology or any other sources, the traits associated with each personality were developed over the time gradually. Now, instead of accepting Jesus in forms of gods, they wanted the more authentic look of Jesus. Thus, artists were forced to find out such details in the tales, gospels or any other sources. Gradually, there appeared some acceptance towards some traits in the look which stuck permanently with his look.
After the renaissance
As it is known, renaissance era brought some of the biggest changes in the art world. It was the radical change in entire history of art world. Art, paintings and artists never saw such shift in art before that. Such positive shift also helped to elevate every related things. With new techniques, artists were more able to depict faces closer to the version told in the stories or folklore. Moreover, in Jesus Christ’s case, more revelations and furnished descriptions had come out, through, Jesus’s “actual” face in the Shroud of Turin, and other similar findings related to his appearance.
Jesus with a donkey head?
Without intending any disrespect to the holy figure, there has been some weird findings in the case of “Alexamenos graffito”, in which, the person with a donkey’s head is, supposedly, Jesus Christ. This relays the anti-christian beliefs, and the whole scene has been concluded saying that at the time of depiction of the graffiti in 1st century, Roman people mistook Jews as the worshiper of god with a donkey-head.
Today, with most advanced scientific technologies, scientists and researchers have made a 3d face of Jesus. It is the most scientific and researched supposition of Jesus’s real face.
Common Conventional Depictions related to Jesus Christ
In paintings, the most common depictions of Jesus Christ relates to the famous anecdotes of his life, which includes:
Nativity of Jesus in art
Adoration of the Shepherds
Adoration of Magi
Finding in the Temple
Baptism of Jesus
Crucifixion of Jesus
Descent from the Cross
Madonna and Child
Christ in Majesty
Pietà (mother and dead son)
Lamb of God
Man of sorrows
Today, the face of Jesus in arts is well-established and widely-accepted.
The intersection of styles characterizes this small panel, in which Northern elements traceable to Rogier van der Weyden are conspicuously present, but so are certain Vincenzo Foppa influences, mainly in the physiognomy of some figures in the middleground, in the facial types and some solutions in the drawing that were to remain unaltered in Bergognone’s works of subsequent years.
In this painting the angels are dressing the dead Jesus. The subject is Byzantine in origin and rare in Western art. The mattress, covered with red velvet is a stylized variant of the “red-stone” relic, formerly in the Byzantine Pantokrator church. According to an apocryphal legend, Christ was lying on this stone when the angels anointed him and covered him with the shroud. The legendary event, shown on the small painting on copper, is supplemented with a liturgical reference: on the altar in the background, we can see a chalice, symbolizing the mystery of the Eucharist. Alessandro Allori works with definite contours, models like a sculptor and paints numerous small details. The painting is signed in the centre of the altar-step: ALESSANDRO BRONZINO ALLORI FACEVA.
The style of the Flemish painters, who brought with them the new technique of transparent oil painting, was adopted by the court of Castile in the second third of the fifteenth century. Among the pioneers of this style was Louis Alincbrot who painted the complex triptych depicting scenes from the life of Christ. The picture shows the central panel of the triptych which depicts Jesus Debating with the Doctors of the Church, The Road to Calvary, and in the background, The Crucifixion. The left panel depicts The Circumcision, while the on the right has a Pietà, with the sarcophagus for Christ’s burial in the background.